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cmos.cc

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// $Id: cmos.cc,v 1.45 2004/06/19 15:20:10 sshwarts Exp $
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
//  Copyright (C) 2002  MandrakeSoft S.A.
//
//    MandrakeSoft S.A.
//    43, rue d'Aboukir
//    75002 Paris - France
//    http://www.linux-mandrake.com/
//    http://www.mandrakesoft.com/
//
//  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
//  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
//  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
//  version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
//  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
//  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
//  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
//  Lesser General Public License for more details.
//
//  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
//  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
//  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA





// Define BX_PLUGGABLE in files that can be compiled into plugins.  For
// platforms that require a special tag on exported symbols, BX_PLUGGABLE 
// is used to know when we are exporting symbols and when we are importing.
#define BX_PLUGGABLE

#include "iodev.h"

#define LOG_THIS theCmosDevice->

bx_cmos_c *theCmosDevice = NULL;

// CMOS register definitions from Ralf Brown's interrupt list v6.1, in a file
// called cmos.lst.  In cases where there are multiple uses for a given
// register in the interrupt list, I only listed the purpose that Bochs
// actually uses it for, but I wrote "alternatives" next to it.
#define  REG_SEC                     0x00
#define  REG_SEC_ALARM               0x01
#define  REG_MIN                     0x02
#define  REG_MIN_ALARM               0x03
#define  REG_HOUR                    0x04
#define  REG_HOUR_ALARM              0x05
#define  REG_WEEK_DAY                0x06
#define  REG_MONTH_DAY               0x07
#define  REG_MONTH                   0x08
#define  REG_YEAR                    0x09
#define  REG_STAT_A                  0x0a
#define  REG_STAT_B                  0x0b
#define  REG_STAT_C                  0x0c
#define  REG_STAT_D                  0x0d
#define  REG_DIAGNOSTIC_STATUS       0x0e  /* alternatives */
#define  REG_SHUTDOWN_STATUS         0x0f
#define  REG_EQUIPMENT_BYTE          0x14
#define  REG_CSUM_HIGH               0x2e
#define  REG_CSUM_LOW                0x2f
#define  REG_IBM_CENTURY_BYTE        0x32  /* alternatives */
#define  REG_IBM_PS2_CENTURY_BYTE    0x37  /* alternatives */

// Bochs CMOS map (to be completed)
//
// Idx  Len   Description
// 0x15   2   Base memory in 1k
// 0x17   2   Memory size above 1M in 1k
// 0x30   2   Memory size above 1M in 1k
// 0x34   2   Memory size above 16M in 64k
//

// check that BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS is 64 or 128
#if (BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS == 64)
#elif (BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS == 128)
#else
#error "Invalid BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS value in config.h"
#endif


  int
libcmos_LTX_plugin_init(plugin_t *plugin, plugintype_t type, int argc, char *argv[])
{
  theCmosDevice = new bx_cmos_c ();
  bx_devices.pluginCmosDevice = theCmosDevice;
  BX_REGISTER_DEVICE_DEVMODEL(plugin, type, theCmosDevice, BX_PLUGIN_CMOS);
  return(0); // Success
}

  void
libcmos_LTX_plugin_fini(void)
{
}

bx_cmos_c::bx_cmos_c(void)
{
  put("CMOS");
  settype(CMOSLOG);

  unsigned i;
  for (i=0; i<BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS; i++)
    s.reg[i] = 0;
  s.periodic_timer_index = BX_NULL_TIMER_HANDLE;
  s.one_second_timer_index = BX_NULL_TIMER_HANDLE;
  s.uip_timer_index = BX_NULL_TIMER_HANDLE;
}

bx_cmos_c::~bx_cmos_c(void)
{
  BX_DEBUG(("Exit."));
}


  void
bx_cmos_c::init(void)
{
  BX_DEBUG(("Init $Id: cmos.cc,v 1.45 2004/06/19 15:20:10 sshwarts Exp $"));
  // CMOS RAM & RTC

  DEV_register_ioread_handler(this, read_handler, 0x0070, "CMOS RAM", 1);
  DEV_register_ioread_handler(this, read_handler, 0x0071, "CMOS RAM", 1);
  DEV_register_iowrite_handler(this, write_handler, 0x0070, "CMOS RAM", 1);
  DEV_register_iowrite_handler(this, write_handler, 0x0071, "CMOS RAM", 1);
  DEV_register_irq(8, "CMOS RTC"); 
  if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_timer_index == BX_NULL_TIMER_HANDLE) {
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_timer_index =
      DEV_register_timer(this, periodic_timer_handler,
        1000000, 1,0, "cmos"); // continuous, not-active
  }
  if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.one_second_timer_index == BX_NULL_TIMER_HANDLE) {
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.one_second_timer_index =
      DEV_register_timer(this, one_second_timer_handler,
        1000000, 1,0, "cmos"); // continuous, not-active
  }
  if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.uip_timer_index == BX_NULL_TIMER_HANDLE) {
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.uip_timer_index =
      DEV_register_timer(this, uip_timer_handler,
        244, 0, 0, "cmos"); // one-shot, not-active
  }

#if BX_USE_SPECIFIED_TIME0 != 0
  // ??? this will not be correct for using an image file.
  // perhaps take values in CMOS and work backwards to find
  // s.timeval from values read in.
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval = BX_USE_SPECIFIED_TIME0;

#else // BX_USE_SPECIFIED_TIME0 != 0

  // localtime
  if (bx_options.clock.Otime0->get () == BX_CLOCK_TIME0_LOCAL) {
       BX_INFO(("Using local time for initial clock"));
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval = time(NULL);
  }
  // utc
  else if (bx_options.clock.Otime0->get () == BX_CLOCK_TIME0_UTC) {
       bx_bool utc_ok = 0;

       BX_INFO(("Using utc time for initial clock"));
       
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval = time(NULL);

#if BX_HAVE_GMTIME
#if BX_HAVE_MKTIME
       struct tm *utc_holder = gmtime(&BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval);
       utc_holder->tm_isdst = -1;
       utc_ok = 1;
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval = mktime(utc_holder);
#elif BX_HAVE_TIMELOCAL
       struct tm *utc_holder = gmtime(&BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval);
       utc_holder->tm_isdst = 0;    // XXX Is this correct???
       utc_ok = 1;
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval = timelocal(utc_holder);
#endif //BX_HAVE_MKTIME
#endif //BX_HAVE_GMTIME

       if (!utc_ok) {
           BX_ERROR(("UTC time is not supported on your platform. Using current time(NULL)"));
       }
  }
  else {
       BX_INFO(("Using specified time for initial clock"));
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval = bx_options.clock.Otime0->get ();
  }
#endif // BX_USE_SPECIFIED_TIME0 != 0

  char *tmptime;
  while( (tmptime =  strdup(ctime(&(BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval)))) == NULL) {
    BX_PANIC(("Out of memory."));
  }
  tmptime[strlen(tmptime)-1]='\0';

  BX_INFO(("Setting initial clock to: %s (time0=%u)", tmptime, (Bit32u)BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval));

  update_clock();
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval_change = 0;

  // load CMOS from image file if requested.
  if (bx_options.cmos.OcmosImage->get ()) {
    // CMOS image file requested
    int fd, ret;
    struct stat stat_buf;

    fd = open(bx_options.cmos.Opath->getptr (), O_RDONLY
#ifdef O_BINARY
       | O_BINARY
#endif
        );
    if (fd < 0) {
      BX_PANIC(("trying to open cmos image file '%s'",
     bx_options.cmos.Opath->getptr ()));
      }
    ret = fstat(fd, &stat_buf);
    if (ret) {
      BX_PANIC(("CMOS: could not fstat() image file."));
      }
    if (stat_buf.st_size != BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS) {
      BX_PANIC(("CMOS: image file not same size as BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS."));
      }

    ret = ::read(fd, (bx_ptr_t) BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg, BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS);
    if (ret != BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS) {
      BX_PANIC(("CMOS: error reading cmos file."));
      }
    close(fd);
    BX_INFO(("successfuly read from image file '%s'.",
      bx_options.cmos.Opath->getptr ()));
    }
  else {
    // CMOS values generated
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_A] = 0x26;
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] = 0x02;
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_C] = 0x00;
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_D] = 0x80;
#if BX_SUPPORT_FPU == 1
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_EQUIPMENT_BYTE] |= 0x02;
#endif
    }
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::reset(unsigned type)
{
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address = 0;

  // RESET affects the following registers:
  //  CRA: no effects
  //  CRB: bits 4,5,6 forced to 0
  //  CRC: bits 4,5,6,7 forced to 0
  //  CRD: no effects
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] &= 0x8f;
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_C] = 0;

  // One second timer for updating clock & alarm functions
  bx_pc_system.activate_timer(BX_CMOS_THIS s.one_second_timer_index,
                         1000000, 1);

  // handle periodic interrupt rate select
  BX_CMOS_THIS CRA_change();
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::CRA_change(void)
{
  unsigned nibble;

  // Periodic Interrupt timer
  nibble = BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_A] & 0x0f;
  if (nibble == 0) {
    // No Periodic Interrupt Rate when 0, deactivate timer
    bx_pc_system.deactivate_timer(BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_timer_index);
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_interval_usec = (Bit32u) -1; // max value
    }
  else {
    // values 0001b and 0010b are the same as 1000b and 1001b
    if (nibble <= 2)
      nibble += 7;
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_interval_usec = (unsigned) (1000000.0L /
     (32768.0L / (1 << (nibble - 1))));

    // if Periodic Interrupt Enable bit set, activate timer
    if ( BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] & 0x40 )
      bx_pc_system.activate_timer(BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_timer_index,
     BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_interval_usec, 1);
    else
      bx_pc_system.deactivate_timer(BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_timer_index);
    }
}


  // static IO port read callback handler
  // redirects to non-static class handler to avoid virtual functions

  Bit32u
bx_cmos_c::read_handler(void *this_ptr, Bit32u address, unsigned io_len)
{
#if !BX_USE_CMOS_SMF
  bx_cmos_c *class_ptr = (bx_cmos_c *) this_ptr;

  return( class_ptr->read(address, io_len) );
}

  Bit32u
bx_cmos_c::read(Bit32u address, unsigned io_len)
{
#else
  UNUSED(this_ptr);
#endif
  Bit8u ret8;

  if (bx_dbg.cmos)
    BX_INFO(("CMOS read of CMOS register 0x%02x",
      (unsigned) BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address));


  switch (address) {
    case 0x0070:
      BX_INFO(("read of index port 0x70. returning 0xff"));
      // Volker says his boxes return 0xff
      //ret8 = BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address;
      return(0xff);
      break;
    case 0x0071:
      if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address >= BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS) {
     BX_PANIC(("unsupported cmos io read, register(0x%02x)!",
       (unsigned) BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address));
     }

      ret8 = BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address];
      // all bits of Register C are cleared after a read occurs.
      if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address == REG_STAT_C) {
        BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_C] = 0x00;
        DEV_pic_lower_irq(8);
        }
      return(ret8);
      break;

    default:
      BX_PANIC(("unsupported cmos read, address=0x%04x!",
     (unsigned) address));
      return(0);
      break;
    }
}


  // static IO port write callback handler
  // redirects to non-static class handler to avoid virtual functions

  void
bx_cmos_c::write_handler(void *this_ptr, Bit32u address, Bit32u value, unsigned io_len)
{
#if !BX_USE_CMOS_SMF
  bx_cmos_c *class_ptr = (bx_cmos_c *) this_ptr;

  class_ptr->write(address, value, io_len);
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::write(Bit32u address, Bit32u value, unsigned io_len)
{
#else
  UNUSED(this_ptr);
#endif  // !BX_USE_CMOS_SMF

  if (bx_dbg.cmos)
    BX_INFO(("CMOS write to address: 0x%04x = 0x%02x",
      (unsigned) address, (unsigned) value));


  switch (address) {
    case 0x0070:
#if (BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS == 64)
      BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address = value & 0x3F;
#else
      BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address = value & 0x7F;
#endif
      break;

    case 0x0071:
      if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address >= BX_NUM_CMOS_REGS) {
     BX_PANIC(("unsupported cmos io write, register(0x%02x) = 0x%02x !",
       (unsigned) BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address, (unsigned) value));
     return;
     }
      switch (BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address) {
     case REG_SEC_ALARM:             // seconds alarm
     case REG_MIN_ALARM:             // minutes alarm
     case REG_HOUR_ALARM:            // hours alarm
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address] = value;
       BX_DEBUG(("alarm time changed to %02x:%02x:%02x", BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_HOUR_ALARM],
                 BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MIN_ALARM], BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_SEC_ALARM]));
       return;
       break;

     case REG_SEC:                   // seconds
     case REG_MIN:                   // minutes
     case REG_HOUR:                  // hours
     case REG_WEEK_DAY:              // day of the week
     case REG_MONTH_DAY:             // day of the month
     case REG_MONTH:                 // month
     case REG_YEAR:                  // year
     case REG_IBM_CENTURY_BYTE:      // century
     case REG_IBM_PS2_CENTURY_BYTE:  // century (PS/2)
       //BX_INFO(("write reg 0x%02x: value = 0x%02x",
       //    (unsigned) BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address, (unsigned) value);
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address] = value;
       if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address == REG_IBM_PS2_CENTURY_BYTE) {
         BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_IBM_CENTURY_BYTE] = value;
       }
       if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] & 0x80) {
         BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval_change = 1;
       } else {
         update_timeval();
       }
       return;
       break;

     case REG_STAT_A: // Control Register A
       // bit 7: Update in Progress (read-only)
       //   1 = signifies time registers will be updated within 244us
       //   0 = time registers will not occur before 244us
       //   note: this bit reads 0 when CRB bit 7 is 1
       // bit 6..4: Divider Chain Control
       //   000 oscillator disabled
       //   001 oscillator disabled
       //   010 Normal operation
       //   011 TEST
       //   100 TEST
       //   101 TEST
       //   110 Divider Chain RESET
       //   111 Divider Chain RESET
       // bit 3..0: Periodic Interrupt Rate Select
       //   0000 None
       //   0001 3.90625  ms
       //   0010 7.8125   ms
       //   0011 122.070  us
       //   0100 244.141  us
       //   0101 488.281  us
       //   0110 976.562  us
       //   0111 1.953125 ms
       //   1000 3.90625  ms
       //   1001 7.8125   ms
       //   1010 15.625   ms
       //   1011 31.25    ms
       //   1100 62.5     ms
       //   1101 125      ms
       //   1110 250      ms
       //   1111 500      ms

       unsigned dcc;
       dcc = (value >> 4) & 0x07;
       if ((dcc & 0x06) == 0x06) {
         BX_INFO(("CRA: divider chain RESET"));
       } else if (dcc != 0x02) {
         BX_PANIC(("CRA: divider chain control 0x%02x", dcc));
       }
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_A] &= 0x80;
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_A] |= (value & 0x7f);
       BX_CMOS_THIS CRA_change();
       return;
       break;

     case REG_STAT_B: // Control Register B
       // bit 0: Daylight Savings Enable
       //   1 = enable daylight savings
       //   0 = disable daylight savings
       // bit 1: 24/12 houre mode
       //   1 = 24 hour format
       //   0 = 12 hour format
       // bit 2: Data Mode
       //   1 = binary format
       //   0 = BCD format
       // bit 3: "square wave enable"
       //   Not supported and always read as 0
       // bit 4: Update Ended Interrupt Enable
       //   1 = enable generation of update ended interrupt
       //   0 = disable
       // bit 5: Alarm Interrupt Enable
       //   1 = enable generation of alarm interrupt
       //   0 = disable
       // bit 6: Periodic Interrupt Enable
       //   1 = enable generation of periodic interrupt
       //   0 = disable
       // bit 7: Set mode
       //   1 = user copy of time is "frozen" allowing time registers
       //       to be accessed without regard for an occurance of an update
       //   0 = time updates occur normally

       // can not handle binary or 12-hour mode yet.
       if (value & 0x04)
       BX_PANIC(("write status reg B, binary format enabled."));
       if ( !(value & 0x02) )
       BX_PANIC(("write status reg B, 12 hour mode enabled."));

       value &= 0xf7; // bit3 always 0
       // Note: setting bit 7 clears bit 4
       if (value & 0x80)
       value &= 0xef;

       unsigned prev_CRB;
       prev_CRB = BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B];
       BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] = value;
       if ( (prev_CRB & 0x40) != (value & 0x40) ) {
       // Periodic Interrupt Enabled changed
       if (prev_CRB & 0x40) {
         // transition from 1 to 0, deactivate timer
         bx_pc_system.deactivate_timer(
           BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_timer_index);
         }
       else {
         // transition from 0 to 1
         // if rate select is not 0, activate timer
         if ( (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_A] & 0x0f) != 0 ) {
           bx_pc_system.activate_timer(
             BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_timer_index,
             BX_CMOS_THIS s.periodic_interval_usec, 1);
           }
         }
       }
       if ( (prev_CRB >= 0x80) && (value < 0x80) && BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval_change) {
         update_timeval();
         BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval_change = 0;
       }
       return;
       break;

     case REG_STAT_C: // Control Register C
     case REG_STAT_D: // Control Register D
       BX_ERROR(("write to control register 0x%02x (read-only)",
              BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address));
       break;

     case REG_DIAGNOSTIC_STATUS:
       BX_DEBUG(("write register 0x0e: 0x%02x", (unsigned) value));
       break;

     case REG_SHUTDOWN_STATUS:
       switch (value) {
       case 0x00: /* proceed with normal POST (soft reset) */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(00): shutdown action = normal POST"));
         break;
       case 0x01: /* shutdown after memory size check */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(01): request to change shutdown action"
                        " to shutdown after memory size check"));
       case 0x02: /* shutdown after successful memory test */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(02): request to change shutdown action"
                        " to shutdown after successful memory test"));
         break;
       case 0x03: /* shutdown after failed memory test */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(03): request to change shutdown action"
                        " to shutdown after successful memory test"));
         break;
       case 0x04: /* jump to disk bootstrap routine */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(04): request to change shutdown action "
                        "to jump to disk bootstrap routine."));
         break;
       case 0x05: /* flush keyboard (issue EOI) and jump via 40h:0067h */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(05): request to change shutdown action "
                        "to flush keyboard (issue EOI) and jump via 40h:0067h."));
         break;
       case 0x06:
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(06): Shutdown after memory test !"));
         break;
       case 0x07: /* reset (after failed test in virtual mode) */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(07): request to change shutdown action "
                        "to reset (after failed test in virtual mode)."));
         break;
       case 0x08: /* used by POST during protected-mode RAM test (return to POST) */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(08): request to change shutdown action "
                        "to return to POST (used by POST during protected-mode RAM test)."));
         break;
       case 0x09: /* return to BIOS extended memory block move
                  (interrupt 15h, func 87h was in progress) */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(09): request to change shutdown action "
                        "to return to BIOS extended memory block move."));
         break;
       case 0x0a: /* jump to DWORD pointer at 40:67 */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(0a): request to change shutdown action"
                        " to jump to DWORD at 40:67"));
         break;
       case 0x0b: /* iret to DWORD pointer at 40:67 */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(0b): request to change shutdown action"
                        " to iret to DWORD at 40:67"));
         break;
       case 0x0c: /* retf to DWORD pointer at 40:67 */
         BX_DEBUG(("Reg 0Fh(0c): request to change shutdown action"
                        " to retf to DWORD at 40:67"));
         break;
       default:
         BX_PANIC(("unsupported cmos io write to reg F, case 0x%02x!",
           (unsigned) value));
         break;
       }
       break;

     default:
       BX_DEBUG(("write reg 0x%02x: value = 0x%02x",
       (unsigned) BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address, (unsigned) value));
       break;
     }

      BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[BX_CMOS_THIS s.cmos_mem_address] = value;
      break;
    }
}


  void
bx_cmos_c::checksum_cmos(void)
{
  unsigned i;
  Bit16u sum;

  sum = 0;
  for (i=0x10; i<=0x2d; i++) {
    sum += BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[i];
    }
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_CSUM_HIGH] = (sum >> 8) & 0xff; /* checksum high */
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_CSUM_LOW] = (sum & 0xff);      /* checksum low */
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::periodic_timer_handler(void *this_ptr)
{
  bx_cmos_c *class_ptr = (bx_cmos_c *) this_ptr;

  class_ptr->periodic_timer();
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::periodic_timer()
{
  // if periodic interrupts are enabled, trip IRQ 8, and
  // update status register C
  if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] & 0x40) {
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_C] |= 0xc0; // Interrupt Request, Periodic Int
    DEV_pic_raise_irq(8);
    }
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::one_second_timer_handler(void *this_ptr)
{
  bx_cmos_c *class_ptr = (bx_cmos_c *) this_ptr;

  class_ptr->one_second_timer();
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::one_second_timer()
{
  // divider chain reset - RTC stopped
  if ((BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_A] & 0x60) == 0x60)
    return;

  // update internal time/date buffer
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval++;

  // Dont update CMOS user copy of time/date if CRB bit7 is 1
  // Nothing else do to
  if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] & 0x80)
    return;

  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_A] |= 0x80; // set UIP bit

  // UIP timer for updating clock & alarm functions
  bx_pc_system.activate_timer(BX_CMOS_THIS s.uip_timer_index,
                         244, 0);
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::uip_timer_handler(void *this_ptr)
{
  bx_cmos_c *class_ptr = (bx_cmos_c *) this_ptr;

  class_ptr->uip_timer();
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::uip_timer()
{
  update_clock();

  // if update interrupts are enabled, trip IRQ 8, and
  // update status register C
  if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] & 0x10) {
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_C] |= 0x90; // Interrupt Request, Update Ended
    DEV_pic_raise_irq(8);
    }

  // compare CMOS user copy of time/date to alarm time/date here
  if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_B] & 0x20) {
    // Alarm interrupts enabled
    bx_bool alarm_match = 1;
    if ( (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_SEC_ALARM] & 0xc0) != 0xc0 ) {
      // seconds alarm not in dont care mode
      if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_SEC] != BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_SEC_ALARM])
     alarm_match = 0;
      }
    if ( (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MIN_ALARM] & 0xc0) != 0xc0 ) {
      // minutes alarm not in dont care mode
      if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MIN] != BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MIN_ALARM])
     alarm_match = 0;
      }
    if ( (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_HOUR_ALARM] & 0xc0) != 0xc0 ) {
      // hours alarm not in dont care mode
      if (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_HOUR] != BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_HOUR_ALARM])
     alarm_match = 0;
      }
    if (alarm_match) {
      BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_C] |= 0xa0; // Interrupt Request, Alarm Int
      DEV_pic_raise_irq(8);
      }
    }
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_STAT_A] &= 0x7f; // clear UIP bit
}


  void
bx_cmos_c::update_clock()
{
  struct tm *time_calendar;
  unsigned year, month, day, century;
  Bit8u val_bcd;

  time_calendar = localtime(& BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval);

  // update seconds
  val_bcd =
     ((time_calendar->tm_sec  / 10) << 4) |
     (time_calendar->tm_sec % 10);
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_SEC] = val_bcd;

  // update minutes
  val_bcd =
     ((time_calendar->tm_min  / 10) << 4) |
     (time_calendar->tm_min % 10);
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MIN] = val_bcd;

  // update hours
  val_bcd =
     ((time_calendar->tm_hour  / 10) << 4) |
     (time_calendar->tm_hour % 10);
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_HOUR] = val_bcd;

  // update day of the week
  day = time_calendar->tm_wday + 1; // 0..6 to 1..7
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_WEEK_DAY] = ((day / 10) << 4) | (day % 10);

  // update day of the month
  day = time_calendar->tm_mday;
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MONTH_DAY] = ((day / 10) << 4) | (day % 10);

  // update month
  month   = time_calendar->tm_mon + 1;
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MONTH] = ((month / 10) << 4) | (month % 10);

  // update year
  year = time_calendar->tm_year % 100;
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_YEAR] = ((year  / 10) << 4) | (year % 10);

  // update century
  century = (time_calendar->tm_year / 100) + 19;
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_IBM_CENTURY_BYTE] = 
    ((century  / 10) << 4) | (century % 10);

  // Raul Hudea pointed out that some bioses also use reg 0x37 for the 
  // century byte.  Tony Heller says this is critical in getting WinXP to run.
  BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_IBM_PS2_CENTURY_BYTE] = 
    BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_IBM_CENTURY_BYTE];
}

  void
bx_cmos_c::update_timeval()
{
  struct tm time_calendar;
  Bit8u val_bin;

  // update seconds
  val_bin =
     ((BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_SEC] >> 4) * 10) +
     (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_SEC] & 0x0f);
  time_calendar.tm_sec = val_bin;

  // update minutes
  val_bin =
     ((BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MIN] >> 4) * 10) +
     (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MIN] & 0x0f);
  time_calendar.tm_min = val_bin;

  // update hours
  val_bin =
     ((BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_HOUR] >> 4) * 10) +
     (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_HOUR] & 0x0f);
  time_calendar.tm_hour = val_bin;

  // update day of the month
  val_bin =
     ((BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MONTH_DAY] >> 4) * 10) +
     (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MONTH_DAY] & 0x0f);
  time_calendar.tm_mday = val_bin;

  // update month
  val_bin =
     ((BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MONTH] >> 4) * 10) +
     (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_MONTH] & 0x0f);
  time_calendar.tm_mon = val_bin - 1;

  // update year
  val_bin =
     ((BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_IBM_CENTURY_BYTE] >> 4) * 10) +
     (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_IBM_CENTURY_BYTE] & 0x0f);
  val_bin = (val_bin - 19) * 100;
  val_bin +=
     (((BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_YEAR] >> 4) * 10) +
     (BX_CMOS_THIS s.reg[REG_YEAR] & 0x0f));
  time_calendar.tm_year = val_bin;

  BX_CMOS_THIS s.timeval = mktime(& time_calendar);
}

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