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segment_ctrl_pro.cc

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// $Id: segment_ctrl_pro.cc,v 1.28 2004/07/29 20:15:18 sshwarts Exp $
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
//  Copyright (C) 2001  MandrakeSoft S.A.
//
//    MandrakeSoft S.A.
//    43, rue d'Aboukir
//    75002 Paris - France
//    http://www.linux-mandrake.com/
//    http://www.mandrakesoft.com/
//
//  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
//  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
//  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
//  version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
//  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
//  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
//  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
//  Lesser General Public License for more details.
//
//  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
//  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
//  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA






#define NEED_CPU_REG_SHORTCUTS 1
#include "bochs.h"
#define LOG_THIS BX_CPU_THIS_PTR





  void BX_CPP_AttrRegparmN(2)
BX_CPU_C::load_seg_reg(bx_segment_reg_t *seg, Bit16u new_value)
{
#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 3
  if (v8086_mode()) {
    /* ??? don't need to set all these fields */
    seg->selector.value = new_value;
    seg->selector.rpl = 3;
    seg->cache.valid = 1;
    seg->cache.p = 1;
    seg->cache.dpl = 3;
    seg->cache.segment = 1; /* regular segment */
    if (seg == &BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS]) {
      seg->cache.u.segment.executable = 1; /* code segment */
#if BX_SUPPORT_ICACHE
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR iCache.fetchModeMask =
          BX_CPU_THIS_PTR iCache.createFetchModeMask(BX_CPU_THIS);
#endif
      invalidate_prefetch_q();
      }
    else
      seg->cache.u.segment.executable = 0; /* data segment */
    seg->cache.u.segment.c_ed = 0; /* expand up */
    seg->cache.u.segment.r_w = 1; /* writeable */
    seg->cache.u.segment.a = 1; /* accessed */
    seg->cache.u.segment.base = new_value << 4;
    seg->cache.u.segment.limit        = 0xffff;
    seg->cache.u.segment.limit_scaled = 0xffff;
    seg->cache.u.segment.g     = 0; /* byte granular */
    seg->cache.u.segment.d_b   = 0; /* default 16bit size */
#if BX_SUPPORT_X86_64
    seg->cache.u.segment.l     = 0; /* default 16bit size */
#endif
    seg->cache.u.segment.avl   = 0;

    return;
    }
#endif

#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 2
  if (protected_mode()) {
    if (seg == &BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS]) {
      Bit16u index;
      Bit8u ti;
      Bit8u rpl;
      bx_descriptor_t descriptor;
      Bit32u dword1, dword2;

      if ((new_value & 0xfffc) == 0) { /* null selector */
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg: SS: new_value == 0"));
        exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, 0, 0);
        return;
        }

      index = new_value >> 3;
      ti = (new_value >> 2) & 0x01;
      rpl = (new_value & 0x03);

      /* examine AR byte of destination selector for legal values: */

      if (ti == 0) { /* GDT */
        if ((index*8 + 7) > BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.limit) {
          BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg: GDT: %s: index(%04x*8+7) > limit(%06x)",
            BX_CPU_THIS_PTR strseg(seg), (unsigned) index, (unsigned) BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.limit));
          exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
          return;
          }
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + index*8,     4, 0,
          BX_READ, &dword1);
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
          BX_READ, &dword2);
        }
      else { /* LDT */
        if (BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.valid==0) { /* ??? */
          BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg: LDT invalid"));
          exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
          return;
          }
        if ((index*8 + 7) > BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.limit) {
          BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg ss: LDT: index > limit"));
          exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
          return;
          }
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + index*8,     4, 0,
          BX_READ, &dword1);
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
          BX_READ, &dword2);
        }

      /* selector's RPL must = CPL, else #GP(selector) */
      if (rpl != CPL) {
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg(): rpl != CPL"));
        exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
        return;
        }

      parse_descriptor(dword1, dword2, &descriptor);

      if (descriptor.valid==0) {
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg(): valid bit cleared"));
        exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
        return;
        }

      /* AR byte must indicate a writable data segment else #GP(selector) */
      if ( (descriptor.segment==0) ||
           descriptor.u.segment.executable ||
           descriptor.u.segment.r_w==0 ) {
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg(): not writable data segment"));
        exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
        }

      /* DPL in the AR byte must equal CPL else #GP(selector) */
      if (descriptor.dpl != CPL) {
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg(): dpl != CPL"));
        exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
        }

      /* segment must be marked PRESENT else #SS(selector) */
      if (descriptor.p == 0) {
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg(): not present"));
        exception(BX_SS_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
        }

      /* load SS with selector, load SS cache with descriptor */
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].selector.value        = new_value;
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].selector.index        = index;
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].selector.ti           = ti;
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].selector.rpl          = rpl;
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].cache = descriptor;
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].cache.valid             = 1;

      /* now set accessed bit in descriptor */
      dword2 |= 0x0100;
      if (ti == 0) { /* GDT */
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
          BX_WRITE, &dword2);
        }
      else { /* LDT */
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
          BX_WRITE, &dword2);
        }

      return;
      }
    else if ( (seg==&BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_DS]) ||
              (seg==&BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_ES])
#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 3
           || (seg==&BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_FS]) ||
              (seg==&BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_GS])
#endif
            ) {
      Bit16u index;
      Bit8u ti;
      Bit8u rpl;
      bx_descriptor_t descriptor;
      Bit32u dword1, dword2;


      if ((new_value & 0xfffc) == 0) { /* null selector */
        seg->selector.index = 0;
        seg->selector.ti = 0;
        seg->selector.rpl = 0;
        seg->selector.value = 0;
        seg->cache.valid = 0; /* invalidate null selector */
        return;
        }

      index = new_value >> 3;
      ti = (new_value >> 2) & 0x01;
      rpl = (new_value & 0x03);

      /* selector index must be within descriptor limits, else #GP(selector) */

      if (ti == 0) { /* GDT */
        if ((index*8 + 7) > BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.limit) {
          BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg: GDT: %s: index(%04x) > limit(%06x)",
            BX_CPU_THIS_PTR strseg(seg), (unsigned) index, (unsigned) BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.limit));
          exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
          return;
          }
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + index*8,     4, 0,
          BX_READ, &dword1);
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
          BX_READ, &dword2);
        }
      else { /* LDT */
        if (BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.valid==0) {
          BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg: LDT invalid"));
          exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
          return;
          }
        if ((index*8 + 7) > BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.limit) {
          BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg ds,es: LDT: index > limit"));
          exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
          return;
          }
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + index*8,     4, 0,
          BX_READ, &dword1);
        access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
          BX_READ, &dword2);
        }

      parse_descriptor(dword1, dword2, &descriptor);

      if (descriptor.valid==0) {
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg(): valid bit cleared"));
        exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
        return;
        }

      /* AR byte must indicate data or readable code segment else #GP(selector) */
      if ( descriptor.segment==0 ||
           (descriptor.u.segment.executable==1 &&
            descriptor.u.segment.r_w==0) ) {
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg(): not data or readable code"));
        exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
        return;
        }

      /* If data or non-conforming code, then both the RPL and the CPL
       * must be less than or equal to DPL in AR byte else #GP(selector) */
      if ( descriptor.u.segment.executable==0 ||
           descriptor.u.segment.c_ed==0 ) {
        if ((rpl > descriptor.dpl) || (CPL > descriptor.dpl)) {
          BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg: RPL & CPL must be <= DPL"));
          exception(BX_GP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
          return;
          }
        }

      /* segment must be marked PRESENT else #NP(selector) */
      if (descriptor.p == 0) {
        BX_ERROR(("load_seg_reg: segment not present"));
        exception(BX_NP_EXCEPTION, new_value & 0xfffc, 0);
        return;
        }

      /* load segment register with selector */
      /* load segment register-cache with descriptor */
      seg->selector.value        = new_value;
      seg->selector.index        = index;
      seg->selector.ti           = ti;
      seg->selector.rpl          = rpl;
      seg->cache = descriptor;
      seg->cache.valid             = 1;

      /* now set accessed bit in descriptor                   */
      /* wmr: don't bother if it's already set (thus allowing */ 
      /* GDT to be in read-only pages like real hdwe does)    */

      if (!(dword2 & 0x0100)) {
        dword2 |= 0x0100;
        if (ti == 0) { /* GDT */
          access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
            BX_WRITE, &dword2);
        }
        else { /* LDT */
         access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
            BX_WRITE, &dword2);
        }
      }
      return;
      }
    else {
      BX_PANIC(("load_seg_reg(): invalid segment register passed!"));
      return;
      }
    }

  /* real mode */
  /* seg->limit = ; ??? different behaviours depening on seg reg. */
  /* something about honoring previous values */

  /* ??? */
  if (seg == &BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS]) {
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].selector.value = new_value;
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.valid = 1;
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.p = 1;
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.dpl = 0;
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.segment = 1; /* regular segment */
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.executable = 1; /* code segment */
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.c_ed = 0; /* expand up */
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.r_w = 1; /* writeable */
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.a = 1; /* accessed */
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.base = new_value << 4;
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.limit        = 0xffff;
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.limit_scaled = 0xffff;
#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 3
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.g     = 0; /* byte granular */
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.d_b   = 0; /* default 16bit size */
#if BX_SUPPORT_X86_64
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.l     = 0; /* default 16bit size */
#endif
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.u.segment.avl   = 0;
#endif

#if BX_SUPPORT_ICACHE
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR iCache.fetchModeMask =
          BX_CPU_THIS_PTR iCache.createFetchModeMask(BX_CPU_THIS);
#endif
    invalidate_prefetch_q();
    }
  else { /* SS, DS, ES, FS, GS */
    seg->selector.value = new_value;
    seg->cache.valid = 1;
    seg->cache.p = 1; // set this???
    seg->cache.u.segment.base = new_value << 4;
    seg->cache.segment = 1; /* regular segment */
    seg->cache.u.segment.a = 1; /* accessed */
    /* set G, D_B, AVL bits here ??? */
    }
#else /* 8086 */

  seg->selector.value = new_value;
  seg->cache.u.segment.base = new_value << 4;
#endif
}

#if BX_SUPPORT_X86_64
  void
BX_CPU_C::loadSRegLMNominal(unsigned segI, unsigned selector, bx_address base,
                            unsigned dpl)
{
  bx_segment_reg_t *seg = & BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[segI];

  // Load a segment register in long-mode with nominal values,
  // so descriptor cache values are compatible with existing checks.
  seg->cache.u.segment.base = base;
  // (KPL) I doubt we need limit_scaled.  If we do, it should be
  // of type bx_addr and be maxed to 64bits, not 32.
  seg->cache.u.segment.limit_scaled = 0xffffffff;
  seg->cache.valid = 1;
  seg->cache.dpl = dpl; // (KPL) Not sure if we need this.

  seg->selector.value        = selector;
}
#endif


#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 2
  void BX_CPP_AttrRegparmN(2)
BX_CPU_C::parse_selector(Bit16u raw_selector, bx_selector_t *selector)
{
  selector->value  = raw_selector;
  selector->index  = raw_selector >> 3;
  selector->ti     = (raw_selector >> 2) & 0x01;
  selector->rpl    = raw_selector & 0x03;
}
#endif

  void BX_CPP_AttrRegparmN(3)
BX_CPU_C::parse_descriptor(Bit32u dword1, Bit32u dword2, bx_descriptor_t *temp)
{
  Bit8u AR_byte;

  AR_byte        = dword2 >> 8;
  temp->p        = (AR_byte >> 7) & 0x01;
  temp->dpl      = (AR_byte >> 5) & 0x03;
  temp->segment  = (AR_byte >> 4) & 0x01;
  temp->type     = (AR_byte & 0x0f);
  temp->valid    = 0; /* start out invalid */


  if (temp->segment) { /* data/code segment descriptors */
    temp->u.segment.executable = (AR_byte >> 3) & 0x01;
    temp->u.segment.c_ed       = (AR_byte >> 2) & 0x01;
    temp->u.segment.r_w        = (AR_byte >> 1) & 0x01;
    temp->u.segment.a          = (AR_byte >> 0) & 0x01;

    temp->u.segment.limit      = (dword1 & 0xffff);
    temp->u.segment.base       = (dword1 >> 16) |
                                 ((dword2 & 0xFF) << 16);

#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 3
    temp->u.segment.limit        |= (dword2 & 0x000F0000);
    temp->u.segment.g            =  (dword2 & 0x00800000) > 0;
    temp->u.segment.d_b          =  (dword2 & 0x00400000) > 0;
#if BX_SUPPORT_X86_64
    temp->u.segment.l            =  (dword2 & 0x00200000) > 0;
#endif
    temp->u.segment.avl          =  (dword2 & 0x00100000) > 0;
    temp->u.segment.base         |= (dword2 & 0xFF000000);

    if (temp->u.segment.g) {
      if ( (temp->u.segment.executable==0) && (temp->u.segment.c_ed) )
        temp->u.segment.limit_scaled = (temp->u.segment.limit << 12);
      else
        temp->u.segment.limit_scaled = (temp->u.segment.limit << 12) | 0x0fff;
      }
    else
#endif
      temp->u.segment.limit_scaled = temp->u.segment.limit;

    temp->valid    = 1;
    }
  else { // system & gate segment descriptors
    switch ( temp->type ) {
      case  0: // reserved
      case  8: // reserved
      case 10: // reserved
      case 13: // reserved
        temp->valid    = 0;
        break;
      case 1: // 286 TSS (available)
      case 3: // 286 TSS (busy)
        temp->u.tss286.base  = (dword1 >> 16) |
                               ((dword2 & 0xff) << 16);
        temp->u.tss286.limit = (dword1 & 0xffff);
        temp->valid    = 1;
        break;
      case 2: // LDT descriptor
        temp->u.ldt.base = (dword1 >> 16) |
                           ((dword2 & 0xFF) << 16);
#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 3
        temp->u.ldt.base |= (dword2 & 0xff000000);
#endif
        temp->u.ldt.limit = (dword1 & 0xffff);
        temp->valid    = 1;
        break;
      case 4: // 286 call gate
      case 6: // 286 interrupt gate
      case 7: // 286 trap gate
        /* word count only used for call gate */
        temp->u.gate286.word_count = dword2 & 0x1f;
        temp->u.gate286.dest_selector = dword1 >> 16;
        temp->u.gate286.dest_offset   = dword1 & 0xffff;
        temp->valid = 1;
        break;
      case 5: // 286/386 task gate
        temp->u.taskgate.tss_selector = dword1 >> 16;
        temp->valid = 1;
        break;

#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 3
      case 9:  // 386 TSS (available)
      case 11: // 386 TSS (busy)
        temp->u.tss386.base  = (dword1 >> 16) |
                               ((dword2 & 0xff) << 16) |
                               (dword2 & 0xff000000);
        temp->u.tss386.limit = (dword1 & 0x0000ffff) |
                               (dword2 & 0x000f0000);
        temp->u.tss386.g     = (dword2 & 0x00800000) > 0;
        temp->u.tss386.avl   = (dword2 & 0x00100000) > 0;
        if (temp->u.tss386.g)
          temp->u.tss386.limit_scaled = (temp->u.tss386.limit << 12) | 0x0fff;
        else
          temp->u.tss386.limit_scaled = temp->u.tss386.limit;
        temp->valid = 1;
        break;

      case 12: // 386 call gate
      case 14: // 386 interrupt gate
      case 15: // 386 trap gate
        // word count only used for call gate
        temp->u.gate386.dword_count   = dword2 & 0x1f;
        temp->u.gate386.dest_selector = dword1 >> 16;
        temp->u.gate386.dest_offset   = (dword2 & 0xffff0000) |
                                        (dword1 & 0x0000ffff);
        temp->valid = 1;
        break;
#endif
      default: BX_PANIC(("parse_descriptor(): case %d unfinished",
                 (unsigned) temp->type));
        temp->valid    = 0;
      }
    }
}

  void BX_CPP_AttrRegparmN(2)
BX_CPU_C::load_ldtr(bx_selector_t *selector, bx_descriptor_t *descriptor)
{
  /* check for null selector, if so invalidate LDTR */
  if ( (selector->value & 0xfffc)==0 ) {
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.selector = *selector;
    BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.valid = 0;
    return;
    }

  if (!descriptor)
    BX_PANIC(("load_ldtr(): descriptor == NULL!"));

  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache = *descriptor; /* whole structure copy */
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.selector = *selector;

  if (BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.limit < 7) {
    BX_PANIC(("load_ldtr(): ldtr.limit < 7"));
    }

  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.valid = 1;
}

  void BX_CPP_AttrRegparmN(3)
BX_CPU_C::load_cs(bx_selector_t *selector, bx_descriptor_t *descriptor,
           Bit8u cpl)
{
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].selector     = *selector;
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache        = *descriptor;

  /* caller may request different CPL then in selector */
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].selector.rpl = cpl;
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].cache.valid = 1; /* ??? */
  // (BW) Added cpl to the selector value.
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].selector.value =
    (0xfffc & BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_CS].selector.value) | cpl;

#if BX_SUPPORT_X86_64
  if (BX_CPU_THIS_PTR msr.lma) {
    if (descriptor->u.segment.l) {
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR cpu_mode = BX_MODE_LONG_64;
      loadSRegLMNominal(BX_SEG_REG_CS, selector->value, 0, cpl);
      }
    else {
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR cpu_mode = BX_MODE_LONG_COMPAT;
      }
    }
#endif

#if BX_SUPPORT_ICACHE
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR iCache.fetchModeMask =
      BX_CPU_THIS_PTR iCache.createFetchModeMask(BX_CPU_THIS);
#endif
  // Loading CS will invalidate the EIP fetch window.
  invalidate_prefetch_q();
}

  void BX_CPP_AttrRegparmN(3)
BX_CPU_C::load_ss(bx_selector_t *selector, bx_descriptor_t *descriptor, Bit8u cpl)
{
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].selector = *selector;
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].cache = *descriptor;
  BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].selector.rpl = cpl;

#if BX_SUPPORT_X86_64
  if (BX_CPU_THIS_PTR cpu_mode == BX_MODE_LONG_64) {
    loadSRegLMNominal(BX_SEG_REG_SS, selector->value, 0, cpl);
    return;
    }
#endif
  if ( (BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].selector.value & 0xfffc) == 0 )
    BX_PANIC(("load_ss(): null selector passed"));

  if ( !BX_CPU_THIS_PTR sregs[BX_SEG_REG_SS].cache.valid ) {
    BX_PANIC(("load_ss(): invalid selector/descriptor passed."));
    }
}

#if BX_CPU_LEVEL >= 2
  void BX_CPP_AttrRegparmN(3)
BX_CPU_C::fetch_raw_descriptor(bx_selector_t *selector,
                        Bit32u *dword1, Bit32u *dword2, Bit8u exception_no)
{
  if (selector->ti == 0) { /* GDT */
    if ((selector->index*8 + 7) > BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.limit) {
BX_INFO(("-----------------------------------"));
BX_INFO(("selector->index*8 + 7 = %u", (unsigned) selector->index*8 + 7));
BX_INFO(("gdtr.limit = %u", (unsigned) BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.limit));
      BX_INFO(("fetch_raw_descriptor: GDT: index > limit"));
debug(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR prev_eip);
BX_INFO(("-----------------------------------"));
      exception(exception_no, selector->value & 0xfffc, 0);
      return;
      }
    access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + selector->index*8,     4, 0,
      BX_READ, dword1);
    access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + selector->index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
      BX_READ, dword2);
    }
  else { /* LDT */
    if (BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.valid==0) {
      BX_PANIC(("fetch_raw_descriptor: LDTR.valid=0"));
      }
    if ((selector->index*8 + 7) > BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.limit) {
      BX_ERROR(("fetch_raw_descriptor: LDT: index (%x)%x > limit (%x)",
          (selector->index*8 + 7), selector->index,
          BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.limit));
      exception(exception_no, selector->value & 0xfffc, 0);
      return;
      }
    access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + selector->index*8,     4, 0,
      BX_READ, dword1);
    access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + selector->index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
      BX_READ, dword2);
    }
}
#endif





  bx_bool BX_CPP_AttrRegparmN(3)
BX_CPU_C::fetch_raw_descriptor2(bx_selector_t *selector,
                        Bit32u *dword1, Bit32u *dword2)
{
  if (selector->ti == 0) { /* GDT */
    if ((selector->index*8 + 7) > BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.limit)
      return(0);
    access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + selector->index*8,     4, 0,
      BX_READ, dword1);
    access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR gdtr.base + selector->index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
      BX_READ, dword2);
    return(1);
    }
  else { /* LDT */
    if ((selector->index*8 + 7) > BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.limit)
      return(0);
    access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + selector->index*8,     4, 0,
      BX_READ, dword1);
    access_linear(BX_CPU_THIS_PTR ldtr.cache.u.ldt.base + selector->index*8 + 4, 4, 0,
      BX_READ, dword2);
    return(1);
    }
}

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